Feline Leukemia Virus: What You Need to Know

image of a cat getting a vaccine.

Feline leukemia (FeLV) is a virus that weakens your cat's immune system. Unfortunately, when the immune system does not function properly, your cat may be more likely to develop other diseases, such as cancer and blood disorders.

How Cats Contract Feline Leukemia

Cats get feline leukemia from other cats. The virus is spread in saliva, urine, feces, nasal secretions and milk from nursing mothers. When an infected cat bites or grooms another cat, that cat may develop the virus. If a pregnant cat has feline leukemia, the kittens might be born with the disease or may develop it after nursing. Because kittens have weaker immune systems than older cats, they are more likely to suffer from the virus. Cats can also spread the virus by sharing food dishes or litter boxes; although this does not happen very often.

Symptoms of Feline Leukemia

There may be no symptoms of the disease during the earlier stages. In the later stages, symptoms may be similar to those that are also typical of other types of viruses. Depending on the stage of the disease, a cat infected with feline leukemia may experience:

  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Gradual weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Lethargy
  • Eye disorders
  • Pale gums or inflammation of the gums
  • Poor coat
  • Anemia
  • Skin, bladder or upper respiratory tract infections
  • Seizures
  • Behavioral changes
  • Swollen lymph nodes

Diagnosis and Treatment

Feline leukemia is diagnosed via a blood test that detects a protein found in the virus. Unfortunately, there is no cure for the disease. Many infected cats die within two to three years of being diagnosed. Although there is no treatment for feline leukemia, symptoms can be treated to keep your cat more comfortable. If weight loss is a problem, nutritional supplements will help your cat receive necessary nutrients. Your cat may get sick more often because of his weakened immune system, but these infections can often be treated with antibiotics.

Prevention

The FeLV vaccine will help prevent your cat from developing feline leukemia, but it does not offer an absolute guarantee that your cat will never get the virus. The best way to protect your furry friend is to keep him or her indoors. When cats roam, they are more likely to come in contact with infected cats that may transmit the virus through a bite.

Before you bring a new pet into your home, make sure that it has been tested for the feline leukemia virus. If one of your cats does develop the virus, separate it from your other cats to prevent the spread of the disease.

Has your cat had an examination and feline leukemia shot recently? If not, give us a call to schedule an appointment.

Location

Find us on the map

Office Hours

Our Regular Schedule--see Covid19 tab comments

Monday:

8:00 am-5:00 pm

Tuesday:

8:00 am-5:00 pm

Wednesday:

8:00 am-5:00 pm

Thursday:

8:00 am-5:00 pm

Friday:

8:00 am-5:00 pm

Saturday:

9 am to 1 pm

Sunday:

Closed

Testimonials

Read What Our Clients Say

    Dr. Joi Sutton is an incredible vet! She was willing to change her weekend around and help me and my 20 year old cat. I highly recommend meeting her in person. She is smart and caring!

    Michelle C​​

    Dr. Joi is fantastic we have been with her for about six years now and she's the best vet I have ever had, I've had dogs all my life and so I've seen my share of vets and she's the tops, She even made a house call in an emergency and nobody does that anymore, I would highly recommend her to anybody that has a cat or a dog or any other small animal that she might take care of.

    Larry L​​

    I love Tequesta Veterinary Clinic! Joi and the entire staff are so friendly and helpful. I'm forever grateful that I found them as a second opinion several years ago when another vet was ready to give up and put my dog to sleep at only 2 years old! Joi took the common sense approach, started from the beginning, and went over the basics that the other vet missed. She literally saved our dog's life and saved us thousands of dollars in unnecessary testing too. It's hard to find a good vet, and I recommend Tequesta Veterinary Clinic to everyone who asks!

    Michelle B​​

    Our cat became ill and we were in a panic about what was happening. The staff at Tequesta Veterinary Clinic was extremely helpful, kind, gentle, and knowledgeable. Dr. Joi is professional, a nonalarmist, and very experienced. Both our cat and our family were well respected and tended to, which isn’t an easy task. We’ve known this clinic for years and years as Dr. Joi also helped my parents and their dog over the years. I highly recommended her and her work.

    Lani S​​

    My old man, a 12-year-old beagle named "Juice", was treated like a king at this vet. I just moved from Pittsburgh and Juice really needed some dental work. I was putting it off until June when I returned to Pittsburgh but then I found this vet a half-mile down the road. Dr. Joi and her whole staff are amazing. They made me feel very comfortable taking my dog here for procedures and routine check-ups. After Juice's procedure, Dr. Joi gave me her personal number and called me to check on him. She goes the extra mile for her patients.

    Jonathan C